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What Makes an MJM different?
It all starts with the vision and the design. To improve sailboat performance with the wind as a finite source of energy, founder Bob Johnstone knew that stronger, stiffer, and lighter high-tech construction with a low vertical center of gravity (VCG) worked wonders. Typically, powerboat builders didn’t care, they just built boats heavy and cheap, then kept adding more horsepower. This left the door wide open for the Johnstone family to create MJM Yachts as the first seriously built performance motoryacht with strong/light high-tech epoxy composite construction. The net result was a faster, lighter motoryacht that delivered impressive fuel-efficiency. “Twice the Fun, Half the Fuel” became MJM’s initial mantra. As the technical editor of Soundings commented, “MJMs are built like the Boeing Dreamliner. They could last 100 years!” When setting out to build the world’s most capable motoryacht, the vision was clear and ambitious. These new yachts would not only need to be fast and fuel-efficient, but they also had to be far more comfortable and stable and a step beyond anything available on the market. This meant advanced design and engineering, an innovative manufacturing process, and tougher, more expensive materials. This quality of construction is one of the fundamentals that differentiates MJM Yachts as the finest in its class. The result was a hybrid that we call the Carolina Downeast style.
What is advanced design?
With the concept and vision defined, the next challenge was design. Who had the best eye in the business for drawing a pretty boat? To answer this, MJM Bob Johnstone turned to his son Peter, who recommended the naval architect Doug Zurn. Using the latest computer-aided design (CAD) software, the design began to take shape. Just like designing a modern aircraft, there were many must haves. These included superior strength, exceptional sea handling capability, smoothness of ride and overall comfort, the best materials, and processes, and of course, she had to exude an uncommon beauty that would captivate mariners every time you entered a harbor.
MJM aren’t just well designed, they are designed to exceed small craft structural requirements for ISO Certified Category A Ocean. This is the International Organization for Standardization’s most stringent design category. It is defined as the “category of boats considered suitable for seas of up to 7 meters (23 feet) significant wave height and winds of Beaufort Force 9 (41-47 knots) or less.” In fact, the only three Downeast style yachts of any size Certified Category A Ocean are the MJM 40z and 50z, and 53zi. There is a comforting peace of mind and confidence gained from knowing that your boat is the best built and has the safest design rating possible.
What is innovative about the layout?
Integral to the overall design was the onboard experience, how does the space interact with people, the flow, and ergonomics. Unique to an MJM is the innovative flush deck design. This eliminates steps and provide a single level from the transom to the helm. Next were side boarding doors at floating dock level, making boarding safe and easy in any situation. The next most noticeable feature is the protection of the pilothouse, but taking it to the next level is the fact that you can open it up to 360 degree access to your surroundings.
– Indoor-outdoor flexibility
– 360 degree visibility
What is advance-precision vacuum infusion?
Vacuum infusion as a process is not new, and has its roots in aviation, best exemplified in the F/A 18 fighter and the B2 bomber. MJM has adapted this technology to the building of our high-tech, ultraperformance yachts. First is the proprietary epoxy-based resin formulation. This provides better bond to the core surfaces that are mechanical as well as adhesive. Destructive testing has shown this to create 25% better mechanical properties versus a vacuum bagged wet layup. Second is the use of proprietary unbalanced woven quad-axial E-glass, enabling the dialing in of exact engineering with the result of greater strength and a reduction in weight. An example is the deck, which is 35% less weight, helping to lower the VCG. The lower the VCG, the more stable, better performing the yacht.
The special formulation epoxy resin and E-glass are brought together through the vacuum infusion process. This provides several important points of precision, the first being that the process eliminates the possibility of air voids, no matter how small. Next is the ability to exactly control the E-glass to resin ratio, achieving the optimum 60:40. The last point being that the application of a vacuum compacts and bonds these elements into high-strength unitized parts.
Finally, we post cure (or bake) the hull, deck, and pilothouse structure, in a proprietary process requiring exact temperature controls and timing. The post cure increases overall laminate strength by 30%.
When you drive a high tech MJM, you will feel the difference. The hulls feel more solid yet respond more quickly to the throttle. MJMs handle like sports cars in a market that typically is more akin to driving a bus.
What factor does advanced engineering play?
Building an ultra-performance performance yacht like an MJM takes a great deal of planning and engineering to predict stresses and loads placed upon all structures. In this area, computations for weight, vertical center of gravity and hull geometry all interact to determine the materials to be used to deal with the forces needing to be dealt with. The combination of design, engineering, materials, and processes determine the outcome, and is why an MJM is so stable, fast, and fuel-efficient. A key part of the design is MJM’s improved deep-V hull shape, which influences speed, stability, and handling. Other factors include buoyancy and bow shape, which on an MJM serves to eliminate a delayed response to the wheel, bow steer, or burying the bow in large following seas, not to mention helping to keep guests dry. A low center of gravity and narrow beam with chine flats redirect wave and wake energy outward and downward to dampen roll in a seaway. The deep-V entry hull shape slices through waves instead of slamming, pounding, or having each small wave create a mini collision and jolting the crew. This eliminates the fatigue experienced when driving other yachts.
In real estate it’s all about location, location, location; in performance yachts you can say it’s all about materials, materials, materials. Each MJM yacht is constructed from superior materials selected specifically for weight, strength, stress loads, and function. Minimizing weight is essential in a performance yacht, but you can’t do that without increasing strength and stiffness. For this reason, Master Builder Mark Lindsay, and his Boston BoatWorks (BBW) was enlisted as MJM’s licensed building partner. Mark had over 30 years of high-tech boat building experience using advanced composite materials building America’s Cup, World Championship, and Olympic racing sailboats. Since Mark’s untimely passing, Phillip Steggall has taken the MJM composite lead to new levels of process, materials, strength and weight savings. Phillip is a leading composites innovator with origins in the first high tech racing sailboats in the 1980s.
Epoxy, though far more expensive than traditional polyester and vinylester resins, is a much better adhesive that is 25% stronger and has greater flexural strength for longer life. Another advantage is the more tightly linked molecular structure that makes it almost impervious to osmotic blistering. In fact, the prescribed cure for boats suffering from bottom-blistering is the application of a new outer layer with epoxy resin.
The combination of the Corecell and E-glass in the outer skin creates a structure like a continuous I-beam that is stiff, strong, and light. The engineering dictates what density of coring should be placed in various areas of the hull and deck. Each panel is pre-cut and numbered for installation.
Other builders use either the traditionally cheap method of laying sheets of cloth in the mold, spraying copious amounts of resin on it, then hand-rolling; or laying dry glass sheets in the hull, bagging it, then infusing a diluted resin by vacuum.
The process on MJMs results in a stronger 60:40 glass-to-resin ratio, rather than the reverse. Resin is glue and should be minimized.
Advanced composite construction
These materials are then utilized in a revolutionary process in the hull and deck molds. The inside of the mold is coated with a premium epoxy-compatible gelcoat. Then the outer skin is a E-Glass cloth. Next comes the waterproof Corecell structural foam, and finally the inner skin of E-Glass. Once the laminate is built ‘dry’, a vacuum bag is applied to the laminate stack, which compresses the laminate with a force of approximately 2,000 pounds per square foot. This process ensures there are no air voids and ensures a unitized, lightweight, and strong structure. All air is vacuumed out beneath the bag so that the weight of atmosphere is compressing the layers of composites. The vacuum also pulls out all moisture.
Once the vacuum is complete, resin is vacuumed through the part. Vacuum ensures the minimal amount of resin, and thus weight. When you examine MJM’s laminates under a microscope, the resin wraps around each bead detail on the foam surface, providing a mechanical bond, in addition to the superior adhesive bond of epoxy. The MJM infusion process leads to 25% better mechanical properties of a laminate versus other wet layup processes.
There is no wood in the structure of an MJM. The hull grid with foam-cored stringers and bulkhead landings are then installed and encapsulated in a fiberglass laminate. MJM applies the infusion process to all of its moldings, not just the hull or deck.
The last step in the lamination process is to post-cure the molded parts for 24 hours. This process allows epoxy to cure at a better molecular level than polyester and vinylester resins which on other boats continue to cure over the first year with the potential for serious print-through.
Each hull and deck are post-cured for 16 hours at 140 degrees F.
Epoxy-built MJMs are stronger, lighter, and longer-lasting. With hull and deck structures comprising up to 25% of a boat’s total weight, you can understand why MJMs are in most cases many thousands of pounds lighter than similar-sized boats. But it doesn’t end there. Greater hull and deck weight requires more horsepower to reach acceptable cruising speeds. This means larger, heavier engines to get the boat going. Larger engines burn more fuel. That means bigger fuel tanks for reasonable range. It’s a vicious cycle. MJM has taken an industry leadership role to end that cycle and become “The World Leader in Fuel-Efficient Powerboats”.
Owner benefits are huge: better response at the wheel and more fun to drive; more speed per horsepower applied and a chance to take advantage of weather windows; and a lower center of gravity for more comfortable motion at sea. Soundings Technical Editor Eric Sorensen commented, “When it comes to the lifespan of today’s best-built boats…What’s to fail on an MJM? It’s an oven, post-cured epoxy boat. It’s as well-built as a Dreamliner, as far as I can see. There’s no reason that a boat like that couldn’t be here in 100 years.” Maybe 200 years, he later added.
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